They further point out that the Axis troops were now openly facing a stronger and more mobile opponent, who would quickly be able to call upon these advantages. USC Title 17. accogli gli spiriti di questi ragazzi in quell’angolo di cielo By the eve of Second El Alamein, Rommel had already shot his bolt over the previous months of battle, and his materiel and fuel-starved army had gone as far as they would, or realistically could, in the Desert War. )Bersaglieri and German Troops attempted successfully the breaking of the British "cul de sac" thus continuing a strenuos fight lasting 6 months during all the retrieval from El Alamein crossing the west side of … My Grandfather served in the American army (though not deployed) during WWI. For its conduct during the Second Battle of El Alamein the divisions as whole was awarded a Gold Medal of Military Valor. 7:05. More information Italian Folgore Division paratroopers dug in with a 37mm cannon at El Alamein. Variation exists due to sources and classifications. During his subsequent interrogation by Rommel, General Clifton requested confinement at a German POW camp instead of an Italian one. [5][6][8], 185th Paratroopers Division position before the 2nd Battle of El Alamein. Once the parachute training was … The placement of the Folgore along the line at Second Alamein consisted of three main sectors; north, central and south. It is still unclear if the company attached to the “Folgore” division was parachute-trained, or not (like the other non-combat divisional support units). Franco BUSCEMI, from 16 July to 7 October, have been involved paratroopers of Tactical Group “El Alamein” composed by two Cp. In a preview of what would come to pass at Second El Alamein, the soldiers of the 185th Folgore Division, particularly members of the 9th Btn, delivered an impressive defensive victory, mauling the British in this encounter. On 13 July, Rommel launched the attack that would become the First Battle of El Alamein. Colonel Camosso ordered his surrounded soldiers to destroy their weapons before the surrender. Directed by Duilio Coletti. 26th Parachutists Rifle Company They often answered the request with gunfire directed at the British or solely with shouts of “Folgore.”. After the cancellation of the invasion of Malta the division was sent to the North African theater. Many military historians consider the Battle of El Alamein as one of World War Two’s critical turning points. Dio degli Eserciti, Soon this reputation would be put to the test, as Montgomery’s southpaw hook delivered during the opening phase of Second Alamein headed towards the 14k stretch of line manned by the Folgore. 19th Parachutists Rifle Company Additionally the following soldiers of the division were awarded a Gold Medal of Military Valor during the Western Desert Campaign: On 25 September 1944 the Italian Co-Belligerent Army raised the Folgore Combat Group with soldiers and materiel from the disbanded 184th Paratroopers Division Nembo. HQ Company essi additano agli italiani, nella buona e nell’avversa fortuna, [7], In the initial British assault alone the Folgore had destroyed over 120 armoured vehicles, and inflicted over 600 casualties. 2nd Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35), 2nd Parachutist Artillery Battalion, with : 07/03/2014 - The ceremony for the donation of the plaque by the commander of the mobile division of the Rome Carabinieri Division General Vincenzo Coppola took place today in Villa Ruspoli, headquarters of the Folgore Parachute Brigade Command. Regimental Guns Company (47/32 mod.35), 5th Parachutist Infantry Battalion, with: The British suffered the loss of over 1,100 men, including hundreds forced to surrender to avoid annihilation. The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) was a battle of the Second World War that took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein.The First Battle of El Alamein and the Battle of Alam el Halfa had prevented the Axis from advancing further into Egypt.. During the battle of Alam El Hafla, the Italian Airborne Division Folgore (185.a Divisione Paracadutisti “Folgore”) had been positioned to guard the left flank of the German 90th Light Division and the Ramcke Brigade and was successful in driving off an attack by New Zealand Infantry during a fierce encounter between the 3rd and 4th of September. It cost the Allies 13,560 dead and wounded while 300-500 tanks destroyed. It marked the beginning of the end for the Axis in North Africa. Notwithstanding the heavy casualties they suffered, and temporary British successes in occupying several positions in the first outpost line, they held their ground. About 400/500 paratroopers with some Granatieri (di Sardegna n.t. General Frattini replied with a simple “Thank you” for what more could be said. The defender’s expert use of their anti-tank guns helped in part to once again halt the Allied advance. With the British Desert Air Force pounding his troops from above and his supply situation critical, Rommel called for a general retreat to prepare his defensive line for the inevitable British counter. They charged forward, engaging the unsupported British tanks or vehicles at close range. God of the Armies, All of their main attacks, in the end, came through the minefields. As it became apparent to the British that the Folgore stopped resisting, they advanced forward to secure the enemy they had come to respect over these many days of hard battle. They joined the newly formed 285th Parachutist Battalion Folgore and continued the struggle for their beloved Italy. 20th Parachutists Rifle Company 15th Parachutists Rifle Company, 6th Parachutist Infantry Battalion, with: The 185th Artillery, 186th Paratroopers and 187th Paratroopers regiments received a second Gold Medal for specific actions during the Second Battle of El Alamein. Alternative SKUs for Nato in Miniatures SOGA3610: . Using Ultra intercepts that forewarned the upcoming Axis operation, Montgomery prepared a new defensive alignment to support his change in the 8th Army’s philosophy on the use of its armor. They also used their 47mm Anti-tank guns from enfilade positions and Molotov cocktails to knock out the advancing tanks. The 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore at El Alamein fought with incredible courage and tenacity. On 1 January 1963 the Italian Army raised the Paratroopers Brigade Folgore in Pisa. Deployment of Forces on October 23rd, 1942 during the Second Battle of El Alamein. 13th Parachutists Rifle Company Operations against the Italians temporarily halted. Regimental Command and HQ Company Historians differ on the merit of this decision. che riserbi ai martiri ed agli Eroi. The Italian artillery battalions were named “Gruppo” (Group). After the opening artillery bombardment, soldiers from the 1st Free French Brigade, 1st Greek Brigade, plus armor and infantry from the 7th Armored Division, slammed into the Folgore’s positions in an attempt to overwhelm its defenders and break into the rear of the Axis line. Also to Dennis Hussey for his suggestions and in helping to edit the article. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press, p.46, G.Lunardi, P.Compagni "I paracadutisti Italiani 1937/45", Editrice Militare Italiana, Milano 1989, pag.41, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Military units and formations established in 1941, Military units and formations disestablished in 1943, http://www.nembo.info/il_paracadutismo.htm, http://www.nembo.info/Paracadutismo/le_regie_scuole.htm, http://www.nembo.info/Paracadutismo/i_reparti.htm, https://www.webcitation.org/5gVUvVq8k?url=http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=4309, https://www.webcitation.org/5gVUvuBiC?url=http://www.avalanchepress.com/FolgoreAtAlamein.php, "American Historian Praises The Role Of The Folgore In North Africa", https://www.webcitation.org/5kArwytnu?url=http://www.avalanchepress.com/FolgoreAtAlamein.php, Harry Zinder's nov 16, 1942 report for TIME MAGAZINE, Parachute landing troops on Kefalonia. 2. Image: Noclador, CC 3.0. 12th Parachutists Rifle Company, 9th Parachutist Infantry Battalion, with: To overcome the lack of field artillery (the divisional artillery regiment had only 47L32 AT/IG), the “Folgore” Tactical Artillery Group under Colonel Boffa, formed with the following units : 2nd Battalion/26th Artillery Regiment “Rubicone” (75/27 mod.06 – from the “Pavia” Division) British armored car squadrons continued to attack the retreating soldiers, whose exhaustion from lack of food, water, and the strain of battle increased by the hour. HQ Company [5][6], Gold Medal for Military Honor given to the "Folgore" Division [1]. Italian and German engineers in the area worked diligently to strengthen the existing minefield created by the British but was now in Axis hands, to provide a daunting defensive obstacle in front of their positions. All rights reserved. Dispatched from the 186th Regiment was a 47mm ATG company to accompany two gun and two mortar platoons, who assumed positions in the center of this section. (PL), 2nd Cavalry Division Emanuele Filiberto Testa di Ferro, 21st Infantry Division Granatieri di Sardegna, 22nd Infantry Division Cacciatori delle Alpi, 40th Infantry Division Cacciatori d'Africa, 65th Infantry Division Granatieri di Savoia, 80th Infantry Division La Spezia (Airlanding), https://military.wikia.org/wiki/185th_Paratroopers_Division_Folgore?oldid=4657006. 18th Parachutists Rifle Company, 7th Parachutist Infantry Battalion, with: The Italian battalions utilized roman numerals (IV, IX, XXI, etc.). In June 1942 the divisions name was changed to 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore and its regiments renumbered and renamed as well. 185th Mixed Carabinieri Company (Military Police) After the First Battle of El-Alamein, Egypt (150 miles west of Cairo), ended in a stalemate, the second one was decisive. The fighting raged into the early morning of 24 October 1942 as each side fought hard in this ferocious encounter. 14th Parachutists Rifle Company Special thanks to Arturo Filippo Lorioli for providing both historical information and content, not to mention the finely constructed OOB. Shortly after this engagement, a Folgore patrol captured Brigadier General G.H. To put this philosophy into practice, Montgomery had cleverly left a ‘gap’ in the southern sector of the front designed to funnel Rommel’s attacking forces into his ‘trap,’ a substantial grouping of British tanks and artillery near Alam el Halfa ridge. Second Battle of El Alamein: 1.1. After the end of the Cold War the Italian Army decided to rename the battalions in the brigade as regiments for historical reasons. Every year the Italian paratroopers celebrate the recurrence of the El Alamein battle; never a defeat was so glorious. " 3,381 likes. 5th Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35) 10th Parachutists Rifle Company 185th Transports unit il cammino dell’onore e della gloria. Operation C3, scheduled for the spring of 1942, would provide the Folgore a crucial role in the Axis plan to wrest control the critical Island from the British. The VIII Paratroopers Engineer Battalion fielded one Headquarters and three Paratroopers Engineer Companies. History of the Second World War; United Kingdom Military Series. 17th Parachutists Rifle Company Archived. The vast material, fuel, and air advantage he held were about to be brought to bear against Rommel’s entrenched defenders. Note: Prices and availability are indications only. Some praise Rommel’s tactic as sound and perhaps the only option he had to avoid the risk of having his entire army destroyed where they stood. 25th Parachutists Rifle Company 5th Parachutists Rifle Company The 2nd and 9th Battalions provided the backbone of the defense with support from the 185th Artillery Regiment. Rommel, defying Hitler’s explicit command to stand his ground, ordered all Axis forces to fall back on the night of 2-3 November 1942. This is an incredible amount when one compares the mismatch in firepower employed. 20th Mortars Company (81mm mod.35) This performance would earn respect and recognition of the Folgore’s enemies and its hard-to-impress ally. Initially the division was made up of the following units: Each Paratroopers Infantry Battalion fielded one Headquarters and three Paratroopers Infantry Companies. Throughout the Battle of the Second El Alamein, a tank group from the German 21st Panzer Division, along with elements of the Ariete Armored Division, had stood by in the rear behind the Folgore to act as a reserve to counter any British breakthrough that might occur. “Bechi” Tactical Group (2nd and 4th Battalions) On 7 November, the commander of the British 44th Infantry Division, General Hughes, made an effort to meet with the Folgore’s commander, General Frattini. The leaders of the last functioning group of combatants, Colonel Camosso and Major Zanninovich, decided to lay down their arms. In-box reviews. The history of the 185th Division "Folgore" spans from late 1930s, when its immediate ancestors were established, to 1945, when its immediate successor was disbanded. 3rd Battalion/132nd Artillery Regiment “Ariete” (90/53 mod.41 – from the “Ariete” Division) 4th Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35), 3rd Parachutist Artillery Battalion, with : At the beginning of September the division deployed in the southern sector of the El Alamein line as part of the X Corps (together with the 17th Infantry division “Pavia”) and reorganized as follows : “Ruspoli” Tactical Group  (7th and 8th Battalions) greg73. HQ Battery By the end of September, the Folgore found themselves locked in battle contested in the Egyptian desert’s blowing sands. The Second Battle of El Alamein lasted from 23 October 1942 to 11 November 1942. Battles of El-Alamein, (1–27 July 1942, 23 October—11 November 1942), World War II events. On 6 November, after having exhausted all its ammunition, the remainder of the Division surrendered. The Folgore was a tightly knit and highly skilled unit, and they possessed perhaps the greatest ‘esprit de corps’ of any Italian division during the war. Others believe that Rommel simply lost his nerve. The men of the Italian Folgore (lightning bolt) Parachute division were among some of Italys best soldiers. It is an everlasting tribute to perhaps Italy’s finest soldiers of the Second World War. We don't know about any in-box reviews for this Feldwebel, Fallschirmjäger- Brigade Ramcke. Highly skilled soldiers of the heavy AA/AT artillery battalion of the “Ariete” Armored Division manned the 88s. The 88s (and the similar 90/53) did not belong to any specific group but used as mobile assets dispersed to the various groups during different phases of the battle. They were now nearly surrounded by British armor and ground forces. The Italian paratroopers repelled the attack, killing or capturing over 300 of the attackers. He hoped this philosophy would inflict severe damage to the advancing Axis forces while sparing his armor from the expected pounding in tank versus tank combat – an arena in which the Germans held the advantage. At the onset of the Axis attack, the Deutsch-Italienische Panzerarmee forces had indeed played into Montgomery’s hand during their attempted flanking maneuver to the south. Oct 22, 2017 - Folgore paratroopers, El Alamein,1942 ( film) - pin by Paolo Marzioli The second Battle of El Alamein: 7th Armoured Division, 44th Infantry Division, 50th Infantry Division and Free French Brigade attack Folgore from three directions: 10:30pm October 25, 1942, until 3am October 26, 1942. At El-Alamein, throughout several engagements, the paratroopers were either able to resist the attacks made upon them or, when the Allied forces had been successful in completely wiping out the first line of Folgore outposts, to reform again, usually counterattacking. Reports state the Folgore destroyed nearly 30 British tanks on the 25th alone. 1st Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35) Estimates range from 60 to 120 vehicles destroyed or immobilized during the engagement. But they held the line. On the Axis side, numbers are more uncertain. The British 132nd Infantry Brigade/44th Inf. 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore or 185ª Divisione Paracadutisti Folgore was a Parachute Division of the Italian Army (in Italian Regio Esercito) during World War II. The advance had gained far too little ground in comparison to the number of casualties stretched out on the desert floor before the Italian positions. Whenever the exit of the cleared track was within reach of one of the short-ranged Italian 47mm AT guns, it was easy to block the attack, provided that the first tank or two were disabled. Incredibly a few Folgore who had chosen to continue the fight managed to avoid capture by the British. Its core units are three... Jump to. The divisional artillery disbanded the 2nd Battalion and split among the Tactical Groups, together with the other divisional assets. 3rd Parachutists Artillery Battery (47/32 mod.35) The 182nd Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore" (Italian: 182ª Brigata Paracadutisti "Folgore") is the oldest and principal paratroopers brigade of the Italian National Royal Army.It was established as the Folgore Division in 1930s, and in 1970s it was downsized in order to generate the other Paratroopers Brigades and to fulfil at its best its special tasks. Comando Supremo is an Amazon Associate and earns from qualifying purchases. [9], At the end of the battle of El Alamein, Harry Zinder of Time magazine noted that the Italians paratroopers fought better than had been expected, and commented that: In the south, the famed Folgore Paratroopers Division fought to the last round of ammunition.[10]. for the eternity are here as a garrison the boys of the Folgore Also check if the product actually matches! Fra le sabbie non più deserte This upcoming confrontation, The Second Battle of El Alamein, would be considered one of the critical turning points of the entire war. Their actions against incredible odds won the praise of the German … 1 National (i.e. The first Battle of El Alamein occurred between July 1-27, 1942. The fighting during First El Alamein petered out less than two months earlier, ending in what many consider a stalemate between the opposing sides. At El-Alamein, throughout several engagements, the paratroopers were either able to drive back the attacks or, when the enemy had been successful in completely wiping out the first line of outposts, to reform again, usually counterattacking. These soldiers made their way back into Tunisia. Realizing that even these small gains in the lines would potentially give the British a toehold for further operations, the Italians launched a counter-attack spearheaded by the 7th Btg to drive off the enemy. On Amazon: The Battle of Alamein: Turning Point, World War II. El Alamein - La battaglia della Folgore - Italian Airborne division Folgore - Duration: 7:05. Folgore paratroopers looking out for tanks at El Alamein, 1942. Book and Link References: The division was sent to Africa and fought in the Battle of El Alamein with the following structure:[11]. Months before finding themselves locked into one of the greatest battles of the war, the Folgore Division were to participate in the planned assault on the island fortress of Malta. The composite, regimental-sized Artillery group commanded by Col. Boffa was named “Raggruppamento” (that still means Group in Italy). During the Second battle of El Alamein, it resisted the attack of six British divisions, thus provoking the respect and admiration of the British. In the course of the Second Battle of El Alamein the division was almost completely destroyed. Their ability to bring down accurate and often deadly fire to separate enemy armor from their infantry support made their role indispensable. the path to honor and glory. Under the command of General Enrico Frattini, the division was doing its best to rest and reorganize after their victorious but grueling battles against the Allied forces the previous month. 28th Parachutists Rifle Company Clifton, commander of the New Zealand 6th Brigade. 11th Parachutists Rifle Company They immediately took him and several of his aides captive at gunpoint. When news reached Montgomery on the outcome of the encounter, he became angered that his forces had been ‘thrashed’ by Italians, which he undoubtedly found unacceptable. Each Paratroopers Artillery Group fielded one Headquarters and two Paratroopers Artillery Batteries armed with 47/32 M35 cannons. The “Carabinieri” is the Italian Military Police Corps. The Division was well equipped with modern automatic weapons (Beretta submachine gun, Breda M37 and Breda M38 heavy machine guns) and many support weapons, giving the paratroopers of the division a good firepower against infantry and light tanks, but without any transports or medium and heavy artillery. HQ Company The Italian army did have both Engineers “Guastatori” units and Infantry “Guastatori” units, sharing much of the same training. School Command (the Commander was a senior officer of the Air force, the Deputy Commander a senior officer of the Army); Division headquarters and headquarters company, 1st Paratroopers Infantry Regiment (later renamed 185th Paratroopers Infantry Regiment), 2nd Paratroopers Infantry Regiment (later renamed 186th Paratroopers Infantry Regiment), 2nd Regimental Cannon Company (with 47/32 M35 antitank guns), 3rd Paratroopers Infantry Regiment joined the division on 3 March 1942 (later renamed 187th Paratroopers Infantry Regiment), 3rd Regimental Cannon Company (with 47/32 M35 cannons), Paratroopers Artillery Regiment (later renamed 185th Paratroopers Artillery Regiment), I Paratroopers Artillery Group (with 47/32 M35 cannons), II Paratroopers Artillery Group (with 47/32 M35 cannons), III Paratroopers Artillery Group (with 47/32 M35 cannons), Division Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Regimental Cannon Company (with 47/32 M35 cannons), II Paratroopers Infantry Battalion (from 185th Paratroopers Infantry Regiment), IV Paratroopers Infantry Battalion (from 185th Paratroopers Infantry Regiment), I Paratroopers Artillery Group (with two batteries of 47/32 M35 cannons), II Paratroopers Artillery Group (with two batteries of 47/32 M35 cannons), III Paratroopers Artillery Group (with two batteries of 47/32 M35 cannons), 20th Mortar Company (81mm Model 35 mortars), 185th Mining and Explosives Engineers Company, Corporal Major Antonio ANDRIOLO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23 – November 4, 1942, First Lieutenant Roberto BANDINI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, First Lieutenant Ferruccio BRANDI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 24, 1942, Second Lieutenant Pietro BRUNO 132d Transport Regiment, Private Giuseppe CAPPELLETTO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Private Giacomo CESARONI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 29, 1942, Private Leandro FRANCHI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, November 1942, Second Lieutenant Giovanni GAMBAUDO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–24, 1942, First Lieutenant Marco GOLA, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–24, 1942, Private Gerardo LUSTRISSIMI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Sergeant Major Dario PIRLONE, 185th Artillery Regiment, October 24, 1942, Sergeant Nicola PISTILLO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Corporal Major Dario PONZECCHI, 185th Paratroopers Regiment, October 26, 1942, Captain Costantino RUSPOLI, Prince of Poggio Suasa, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 26–27, 1942, Captain Gastone SIMONI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–27, 1942, Sergeant Major Mario GIARETTO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, August 8, 1942, Second Lieutenant Omero LUCCHI, Folgore Division Artillery, August 31 – September 4, 1942, Sapper Clinio MISSERVILLE, 185th Assault Sapper Company, September 10, 1942, Major Aurelio ROSSI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, August 20 – September 3, 1942, Captain Fabio RUGIADI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, August 30, 1942, Lieutenant Colonel Carlo Marescotti RUSPOLI, Prince of Poggio Suasa, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, First Lieutenant Giovanni STARACE, Folgore Division, July - November, 1942, Second Lieutenant Giovanni STASSI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, August 25 – September 2, 1942. 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