General Hughes’ men had suffered a high number of casualties against the Folgore, and the Allied General had been more than impressed with the resilience and skill of his adversary. Oct 22, 2017 - Folgore paratroopers, El Alamein,1942 ( film) - pin by Paolo Marzioli HQ Battery The Axis initiative in the North African campaign was lost, as was any chance they had to achieve ultimate victory in the desert. The division was intended to be used in Operation Hercules - the planned Axis invasion of Malta. Regimental Command and HQ Company 13th Parachutists Rifle Company The Second Battle of El Alamein lasted from 23 October 1942 to 11 November 1942. The 186th Paratroopers Regiment "Folgore" (Italian: 186° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore") is an active unit of the Italian Army based in Siena in Tuscany.The regiment is part of the army's infantry corps' Paracadutisti speciality and operationally assigned to the Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore". 4th Parachutists Rifle Company The advance had gained far too little ground in comparison to the number of casualties stretched out on the desert floor before the Italian positions. Notwithstanding the heavy casualties they suffered, and temporary British successes in occupying several positions in the first outpost line, they held their ground. After the opening artillery bombardment, soldiers from the 1st Free French Brigade, 1st Greek Brigade, plus armor and infantry from the 7th Armored Division, slammed into the Folgore’s positions in an attempt to overwhelm its defenders and break into the rear of the Axis line. British armored car squadrons continued to attack the retreating soldiers, whose exhaustion from lack of food, water, and the strain of battle increased by the hour. At El-Alamein, throughout several engagements, the paratroopers were either able to drive back the attacks or, when the enemy had been successful in completely wiping out the first line of outposts, to reform again, usually counterattacking. With Fausto Tozzi, Ettore Manni, Monica Clay, Aldo Bufi Landi. Several times during the retreat, British officers called out through loudspeakers across the endless sand, asking for the Italians to surrender. The 185th artillery found itself dispersed among all the Tactical Groups. Their belief that the limited handling capacity of Axis controlled ports and the limited supply trucks available were not enough to sustain operations so far from logistic supply heads. By 6 November, only a handful of the original 5,000 Folgore remained. The “Guastatori” were troops trained in assault tactics against enemy trench-works and fortifications. Divisional Command and HQ Company He ordered a meaningless retreat that pulled back his defenders from their entrenchments and defensive lines and denied them their artillery support. The VIII Paratroopers Engineer Battalion fielded one Headquarters and three Paratroopers Engineer Companies. 23rd “ Guastatori” Parachutist Company 17th Parachutists Rifle Company pub. School Command (the Commander was a senior officer of the Air force, the Deputy Commander a senior officer of the Army); Division headquarters and headquarters company, 1st Paratroopers Infantry Regiment (later renamed 185th Paratroopers Infantry Regiment), 2nd Paratroopers Infantry Regiment (later renamed 186th Paratroopers Infantry Regiment), 2nd Regimental Cannon Company (with 47/32 M35 antitank guns), 3rd Paratroopers Infantry Regiment joined the division on 3 March 1942 (later renamed 187th Paratroopers Infantry Regiment), 3rd Regimental Cannon Company (with 47/32 M35 cannons), Paratroopers Artillery Regiment (later renamed 185th Paratroopers Artillery Regiment), I Paratroopers Artillery Group (with 47/32 M35 cannons), II Paratroopers Artillery Group (with 47/32 M35 cannons), III Paratroopers Artillery Group (with 47/32 M35 cannons), Division Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Regimental Cannon Company (with 47/32 M35 cannons), II Paratroopers Infantry Battalion (from 185th Paratroopers Infantry Regiment), IV Paratroopers Infantry Battalion (from 185th Paratroopers Infantry Regiment), I Paratroopers Artillery Group (with two batteries of 47/32 M35 cannons), II Paratroopers Artillery Group (with two batteries of 47/32 M35 cannons), III Paratroopers Artillery Group (with two batteries of 47/32 M35 cannons), 20th Mortar Company (81mm Model 35 mortars), 185th Mining and Explosives Engineers Company, Corporal Major Antonio ANDRIOLO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23 – November 4, 1942, First Lieutenant Roberto BANDINI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, First Lieutenant Ferruccio BRANDI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 24, 1942, Second Lieutenant Pietro BRUNO 132d Transport Regiment, Private Giuseppe CAPPELLETTO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Private Giacomo CESARONI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 29, 1942, Private Leandro FRANCHI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, November 1942, Second Lieutenant Giovanni GAMBAUDO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–24, 1942, First Lieutenant Marco GOLA, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–24, 1942, Private Gerardo LUSTRISSIMI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Sergeant Major Dario PIRLONE, 185th Artillery Regiment, October 24, 1942, Sergeant Nicola PISTILLO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Corporal Major Dario PONZECCHI, 185th Paratroopers Regiment, October 26, 1942, Captain Costantino RUSPOLI, Prince of Poggio Suasa, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 26–27, 1942, Captain Gastone SIMONI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–27, 1942, Sergeant Major Mario GIARETTO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, August 8, 1942, Second Lieutenant Omero LUCCHI, Folgore Division Artillery, August 31 – September 4, 1942, Sapper Clinio MISSERVILLE, 185th Assault Sapper Company, September 10, 1942, Major Aurelio ROSSI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, August 20 – September 3, 1942, Captain Fabio RUGIADI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, August 30, 1942, Lieutenant Colonel Carlo Marescotti RUSPOLI, Prince of Poggio Suasa, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, First Lieutenant Giovanni STARACE, Folgore Division, July - November, 1942, Second Lieutenant Giovanni STASSI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, August 25 – September 2, 1942. 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