Congress did not, however, require that this charter be submitted to the Illinois electorate for adoption. HEZEKIAH WEST, Johnson County SAMUEL G. MORSE, WILLIAM M'FATRIDGE. The 1st Supreme Court judges were to ride circuit until their term expired in 1824 and, with the exception of these first judges, all judicial tenure was based on good behavior. ARTICLE IX - REVENUE. Thirty years later, the second Illinois State Constitution still denied suffrage to women [2]. The constitution is available at the Illinois State Archives as part of Secretary of State Record Series 103.012, "First Constitution of Illinois. No person or persons conscientiously scrupulous of bearing arms shall be compelled to do militia duty in time of peace, provi… Series Title: Illinois State Historical Library. 1818 Map of Illinois 1833 Map of Illinois; Illinois became a state in April 1818. Background: On April 18, 1818, President James Monroe signed legislation known as the Enabling Act, which laid out the requirements for Illinois to become a state. JOHN MESSINGER, St.Clair County. SETH GARD, Edwards County. 17._____The current Illinois Constitution was written in 1955. In Congress, 34 members of the House voted against admitting Illinois to the Union because they believed the Constitution did not go far enough to prohibit slavery. CLICK HERE to view the actual signatures. The capitol of Illinois is. 2. What year did Illinois become a State? The legislative branch or the General Assembly of Illinois has two houses. 1827. Constitution of the State of Illinois, 1818, Page 14 ADVERTISEMENT . ARTICLE III - SUFFRAGE AND ELECTIONS. This 16-page student edition is in booklet form and contains the entire Illinois Constitution as written (in an easy-to-read format). N. CULLOM, ADOLPHUS F'D'K HUBBARD. § 1. Sect. History of the Constitutions --Ordinance of 1787 --Act of Congress, May 7, 1800 --Act of Congress, February 3, 1809 --Act of Congress, April 18, 1818 --Ordinance of 1818 --Constitution of 1818 --Constitution of 1848 --Constitution of 1870 --Table of Cases --Index to Constitution of 1870. To some degree it ... form in each of Illinois’ four Constitutions (1818, 1848, 1870, and 1970). The Illinois Constitution of 1870 contained a revenue article that authorized taxes on four categories: property, privileges, franchises and certain occupations. Q. JESSE B. THOMAS, The first Illinois constitution was drafted in 1818 to satisfy Congress' requirements for elevation from territorial status to full statehood. Illinois has had four state constitutions in its nearly 200-year history: 1. three. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (52) Name the Capitols of Illinois. Name the dates of the Illinois Constitutions. Our state’s Constitution has evolved over time to better fit changing times and a changing Illinois… To carry these out, states have set up state constitutions. Frontispiece Previous: 1 of 100: Next : View Description. The Illinois Senate is the upper chamber of the Illinois General Assembly, the legislative branch of the government of the State of Illinois in the United States.The body was created by the first state constitution adopted in 1818. C. GREENUP, Secretary to the Convention, https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=Illinois_Constitution_of_1818&oldid=10258325, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. To view the full text version of the 1818 constitution, click here (offsite link) The Constitution was not submitted to the voters but became operative when Congress approved statehood. Judge Jesse Thomas, who was to become one of Illinois' first two United States Senators, served as president of the convention. It also required that taxes on each category had to be uniform. ARTICLE X - EDUCATION. 20._____No state law in Illinois may go against a national law. (1)Kaskaskia, (2)Vandalia, (3)Springfield. And they do hereby ratify the boundaries assigned to such state by the act of congress aforesaid, which are as follows, to wit: Beginning at the mouth of the Wabash river, thence up the same, and with the line of Indiana to the northwest corner of said state; then east with the line of the same state, to the middle of Lake Michigan; thence north, along the middle of said lake, to north latitude 42 degrees and 30 minutes; thence west to the middle of the Mississippi river, and thence down, along the middle of that river, to its confluence with the Ohio river; and thence up the latter river, along its northwestern shore, to the beginning. Q. Text of the Constitution of the State of Illinois 1848, excerpted from: Compilation of all the general laws concerning real estate and the title thereto, in the State of Illinois 1849, p. 63-106. THE people of the Illinois territory, having the right of admission into the general government as a member of the Union, consistent with the constitution of the United States, the ordinance of congress of 1787, and the law of congress approved April 18th, 1818, entitled “An act to enable the people of the Illinois territory to form a constitution and state government, and for the admission of such state into … All white male U.S. citizens who had resided in the Illinois Territoryfor at least six months prior to the election, or whom were otherwise qualified to vote for representation, were permitted to vote. JOSEPH KITCHELL, Crawford Co. LEONARD WHITE, ED. Article V of the Illinois Constitution of 1848 established a Supreme Court of 3 judges with 2 of the 3 constituting a quorum. Kane became Illinois' first Secretary of State and then a United States Senator from Illinois. Until the Great Depression, Illinois relied on a statewide property tax for most of its revenue. In response, a second constitution was written and adopted in 1848. The idea of publishing an annotated Illinois Constitution was conceived by Associate Direc-tor Gerald L. Gherardini and sponsored by Senator Dawn Clark Netsch in 1979. 19._____The Illinois Constitution does not have a bill of rights in it. Illinois General Assembly, "Illinois Constitution" YouTube, "The Illinois Constitution" Illinois Courts Learning Center, "Lesson 2 - The Illinois Constitution" Tripod.com, "Illinois Constitution of 1818" Additional reading. It also set up the boundaries for the State and named Kaskaskia as the capital. The 1818 Illinois Constitution created three branches of government, just like the U.S. Constitution--legislative, executive, and judicial. Kane became Illinois' first Secretary of State and then a United States Senator from Illinois. The present constitution of Illinois went into effect on. What is the North geographic boundary of Illinois? It established the three branches of government - the legislative, executive, and judicial - their roles, and defined the state's official boundaries and first capital. Illinois had 15 counties at the time … The first constitution for Illinois was written in 1818. In testimony whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names: The Illinois Constitution of 1818. What constitutions has Illinois had? No person or persons, conscientiously scrupulous of bearing arms, shall be compelled to do militia duty in time of peace, provi… ARTICLE XI - ENVIRONMENT. Page Flip View : View Image & Text: Download: small (250x250 max) medium (500x500 max) ... Illinois Constitution: Illinois Firefighter Line of Duty Deaths Digital Image Collection: Illinois Historic Aerial Photographs, 1936-1941: ". Price $0.95 each, any quantity. 1. This initial constitution, required for Illinois to become a U.S. state, was modeled after the U.S. Constitution. From 1818 until 1848, Illinois went through a time of rapid growth and development. 18._____The Illinois Constitution was based off of the U.S. Constitution. SAMUEL OMELVANY, Pope County ELIAS KENT KANE, HAMLET FERGUSON. GEORGE FISHER, Randolph County. Q. When statehood for Illinois was approved on April 18, 1818, the U.S. Congress approved the formation of a state constitution. Following elections in July, 33 delegates met in the territorial capital of Kaskaskia on Monday, August 3, 1818, to begin drafting a state Constitution. 1818. 1818. B[ENJ]. In 1818 the Illinois State Constitution extended citizenship to all white men over the age of twenty-one years [1]. Trustee Village. It was considered very liberal at the time, allowing all white males who had lived in the state for six months the right to vote with no property restrictions and no requirement that they be U. S. citizens. This page was last edited on 14 June 2020, at 07:12. Illinois became a state in April 1818. However, the acknowledged leader of the convention was 24-year-old Elias Kent Kane, a New York born attorney who had graduated from Yale. Adopted at Kaskaskia in convention, August 26, 1818. They are treated JOHN WHITEAKER, LEVI COMPTON. 1848. Article IV of the new Constitution described the judicial system. An election for delegates to a state constitutional convention was scheduled for July 6, 1818. The militia of the state of Illinois shall consist of all free male ablebodied persons (negroes, mulattoes and Indians excepted,) residents of the state, between the ages of 18 and 45 years, except such persons as now are or hereafter may be exempted by the laws of the United States or of this state, and shall be armed, equipped and trained as the general assembly may provide by law. THE people of the Illinois territory, having the right of admission into the general government as a member of the Union, consistent with the constitution of the United States, the ordinance of congress of 1787, and the law of congress approved April 18th , 1818, entitled "An act to enable the people of the Illinois territory to form a constitution and state government, and for the admission of such state into the Union, on an equal footing with the original states, and for other purposes;" in order to establish justice, promote the welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to themselves and their posterity, do by their representatives in convention, ordain and establish the following constitution or form of government; and do mutually agree with each other to form themselves into a free and independent state, by the name of the State of Illinois. That the general, great and essential principles of liberty and free government may be recognized and unalterably established, we declare: Done in convention at Kaskaskia, the twenty-sixth day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, and of the Independence of the United States of America, the forty-third. President of the convention and representative from the county of St. Clair. 1814. STEPHENSON, Madison County. Territorial Census (1818) The 1818 census is divided by county. Note: The 1818 Illinois Constitution is one of four state Constitutions Illinois has had. THOMAS ROBERTS, Attest, WM. ARTICLE IV - THE LEGISLATURE. Illinois became a state on December 3, 1818. Wisconsin. It established the state's bicameral legislative system and a provided for a governor and lieutenant governor to be elected every four years. Nevertheless, both the House and the Senate approved statehood for Illinois and President James Monroe signed the legislation on December 3, 1818. The challenge of the prairies slowed emigration into the region; when Illinois was granted statehood in 1818, the population was only about 35,000, and most of … ARTICLE II - THE POWERS OF THE STATE. ARTICLE VIII - FINANCE. Election was by popular vote with 1 judge of 3 elected from each of the divisions of the state (Northern, Central and Southern) for a 9-year term. 2. 1818 Constitution The first Illinois Constitution was written during the summer of 1818 at a convention in Kaskaskia on the banks of the Mississippi River. THOS. 3. KIRKPATRICK, Bond County. Have you had some time to read the said constitution and what it contains? The Document: The 1818 State Constitution consists of eight articles and was modeled after the state constitutions of New York, Kentucky and Ohio. ... 1818, 1848, 1870, 1970. The Illinois Constitution of 1818 was modeled after the United States Constitution and written in Kaskasia, Illinois, the state's first capital. 5. The following excerpt on the constitution is from Illinois in 1818 [click here for more information] by Solon Buck. Constitution of the State of Illinois, 1818, printed by order of the House of Representatives. Take up the quiz below and see how well you understood it. ORIGINAL CONSTITUTION OF ILLINOIS AUGUST 26, 1818 -The Illinois constitutional convention, meeting at Kaskaskia, adopted a state constitution and selected Kaskaskia as the first state capital. Article IV of the new Constitution described the judicial system. Both the Illinois Constitution and the Federal Constitution has a Bill of Rights. A city, village, or town. ARTICLE XII - MILITIA. Six trustees and a village president. A new constitution, designed to replace the 1870 governing document, was presented to voters in 1922. 16._____Illinois became a state in 1818. It also severely limited the powers of the governor and set aside land in every township for schools. ARTICLE I - BILL OF RIGHTS. WILLIAM ECHOLS, Union County. CONRAD WILL, Jackson County. A Supreme Court of four judges was established, and 3 of the 4 Supreme Court judges constituted a quorum. § 2. CALDWELL CAIRNS, Monroe County JAMES LEMON, jr. ENOCH MOORE. The first Constitution of Illinois was adopted in 1818 … Delegates approved the new Constitution on August 26, 1818. The Illinois Constitutional Convention of 1818. Kaskaskia had been the territorial capital and was the state capital of Illinois from 1818 through 1820. ANDREW BANKSON, Washington Co. WILLIS HARGRAVE, White Co. WILLIAM M'HENRY, ISHAM HARRISON, Franklin Cou'ty. JOSEPH BOROUGH, JAMES HALL, jr. ABRAHAM PRICKETT, MICHAEL JONES, Gallatin County. municipality. The first Illinois Constitution was written in the year 1818 and has had three more since then with the third and currently used one was adopted in 1970, and it has been revised with no drastic changes. Delegates approved the new Constitution on August 26, 1818. The Constitution … The main topics of the election were whether it was sensible to have a constitution at that time and, if so, wh… When the fourth Illinois Constitution was established Number of amendments that the Illinois Constitution has The year in which Illinois became a state Springfield. The U.S. Constitution gives certain responsibilities to the states. It must have been a great event for the quaint old town of Kaskaskia when the constitutional convention assembled on the first Monday in August 1818. The Illinois House of Representatives is the lower house of the Illinois General Assembly, the bicameral legislature of the U.S. state of Illinois.The body was created by the first Illinois Constitution adopted in 1818. 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