in this case, it took place in the main region of interaction between the Pacific Plate and the Okhotsk Plate, in a large oceanic canyon called the Japan Trench. Tectonic plates caused the earthquake, the Pacific and North American plate were rubbing against each other, and this caused the earthquake. In a subduction zone, one plate … Japan's recent massive earthquake, one of the largest ever recorded, appears to have moved the island by about eight feet (2.4 meters), the US Geological Survey said. danger in California. 1. Create your account. Services, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. answer! The March 11, 2011, M 9.1 Tohoku earthquake, which occurred near the northeast coast of Honshu, Japan, resulted from shallow thrust faulting on the subduction zone plate boundary between the Pacific and North America plates. In the case of the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, it took place on a plate boundary, i.e. This earthquake was caused when the thicker North American plate converged with the thinner Pacific plate, forcing the thinner plate down into the Earth’s asthenosphere. The sudden movement of the Pacific tectonic plate under the North American plate caused a massive earthquake and a tsunami. The powerful earthquake that unleashed a devastating tsunami Friday appears to have moved the main island of Japan by 8 feet (2.4 meters) and shifted the Earth on its axis. Death and injury – Some 15,894 people died, and 6,152 people were injured. In a sub-duction zone, one plate slides beneath another into the mantle, the hotter layer beneath the crust. The 2011 Tohoku earthquake occurred in a subduction zone known as the Japan Trench. The 2011 Tohoku earthquake occurred in a subduction zone known as the Japan Trench. The 2011 Tohoku earthquake struck offshore Japan, along a sub-duction zone where two of Earth's tectonic plates have a collision. Impacts on people. Tokyo bureau chief Martin Fackler reports on the huge earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan. Introduction [2] The March, 11th 2011 Tohoku‐Oki (M 9.0) Earthquake triggered a large tsunami that caused significant loss of life and damage along the Japanese coastline, and is one of the largest earthquakes of the century. The earthquake struck below the North Pacific Ocean, 130 kilometers (81 miles) east of Sendai, the largest city in the Tohoku region, a northern part of the island of Honshu. Case study: Japan tsunami 2011 (HIC) On Friday 11 March 2011 at 14:46:24, an earthquake of magnitude nine on the Richter scale. Japan earthquake and tsunami, severe natural disaster that occurred in northeastern Japan on March 11, 2011, and killed at least 20,000 people. This is because, geographically-speaking, Japan is a very unstable place. The magnitude 9.0 Tohoku-Oki quake was the most powerful earthquake known to hit Japan and the fifth-most powerful quake ever recorded. Along the fault, the two plates of Earth's crust slid past each other up … The March 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake that decimated Japan and its Fukushima nuclear reactors with a monster tsunami altered the seafloor off the … The Japan earthquake and “accidents” at the Fukushima’s 6 nuclear power plant units starting March 11, 2011 Were deliberate acts of tectonic nuclear warfare, carried out against the populations ecology of Japan, and the nations of the Northern Hemisphere, including the … All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. These plates move in the direction of arrows and cause earthquakes. Tectonic plates’ movement caused Japan quake, tsunami March 12th, 2011 - 5:37 pm ICT by IANS Tweet Washington, March 12 (IANS) The devastating earthquake that shook Japan was caused by movement of massive tectonic plates that thrust one below the other and forced the seabed and ocean upwards, triggering a giant tsunami. 3. What were the short-term effects of the 2011 Japan earthquake? Tectonic plates are huge slabs of rock that lie on top of the Earth's semi-molten magma mantle. 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